Mauritania

Facts

Form of Government
Military junta
President is the Chief of State
President is elected to serve a five-year term

Government structure
Chief of State is the president, Head of government/Prime Minister, Bicameral Parliament

Military Statistics
Manpower fit for service (males 450,289, females 544,598)
Expenditures: 5.5% of GDP
Branches: Army, Mauritanian Navy (Marine Mauritanienne; includes naval infantry), Islamic Air Force of Mauritania (Force Aerienne Islamique de Mauritanie, FAIM).

Former Rulers
1960 - 1978: Moktar Ould Daddah (Acting Head of state to August 20, 1961)
1978- 1979: Mustafa Ould Salek, Chairman of the Military Committee for National Recovery.
1979 - 1980: Mohamed Mahmoud Ould Louly, Head of State and Chairman of the Military Committee for National Salvation
1980 to 1984: Mohamed Khouna Ould Haidallan
1984 – 1992: Maaouya Ould Sid'Ahmed Taya
1992 -2005: Maaouya Ould Sid'Ahmed Taya, President
2005- 2007: Ely Ould Mohamed Vall, Chairman of the Military Council for Justice and Democracy
2007 -2008 Sidi Ould Cheikh Abdallahi, President
2008 – 2009 Mohamed Ould Abdel Aziz, President of the High Council of State
2009 - 2009 Ba Mamadou dit M'Baré (interim)

Capital
Nouakchott
Altitude: 8 metres
Population: 709,856

Population
Size: 3,340,627 (2011)
Life expectancy: 60.37 years
Gender Make-Up: 49.51 per cent males, 50.49 per cent females

GDP per capita
$2,571 (2011)

$2,445 (2010)

Geography
Area: 1,030,700sqkm
Land boundaries: Northern Africa, bordering the North Atlantic Ocean, between Senegal and Western Sahara

Major Languages
Arabic (official and national), Pulaar, Soninke, Wolof, French, Hassaniya

Religious portfolio
Islam almost 100 per cent

National Make-up
Mixed Moor/black 40%, Moor 30%, Black 30%

Natural Resources
Iron ore, Gypsum, Copper, Phosphate, Diamonds, Gold, Oil, Fish

Main exports
Fish and fish products, Iron ore, Gold

Land Use
Arable land: 0.2%
Permanent crops: 0.01%
Other: 99.79% (2005)

Monetary Unit/Currency
Ouguiya

Dialling Code
+222

Internet Code
.mr

Transport
Main Port: Port of Nouakchott
Airport: Nouakchott International Airport.

Modern issues

Is Zambia turning into a dictatorship?

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