South Sudan By | Sunday, September 9 2012 at 14:50
Republic of South Sudan
Origins of name: To do with the location South of Sudan whose name was derived from the Arabic phrase - bilad as-Sudan, "land of the blacks"
President Salva Kiir Mayardit
Until 1956, Sudan was jointly ruled by Egypt and Britain as a single unit. Post-independence, Southerners wanted to part ways with the Northerners, a fact that provoked several civil wars, until 1972 when the North let go by decreeing semi autonomy. But that was short-lived because in 1983, the North reclaimed the South, provoking a war that was ended by the 2005 North/South Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA), signed in January 2005, offering the Southerners autonomy for six years.
Referendum to determine independence of North and South or unity conducted in January 2011, Southern Sudanese voters opted for secession.
Form of Government
Multiparty system of government
President, Vice-President and the Council of Ministers, bicameral parliament
According to Geneva-based Small Arms Survey, the Sudan People's Liberation Army has around 140,000 troops
Population: 163, 442 (2005 estimates)
Size: 8.2 million (2008 census)
Life expectancy: No data
Gender Make-Up: males 52 per cent, females 48 per cent
GDP per capita
Area: 589,745 square km
Land boundaries: South Sudan is bordered to the North by Sudan; to the east by Ethiopia, to the south by Kenya and Uganda and to the west by the Democratic Republic of Congo and the Central African Republic
English is the official language of the government. A dialect of Arabic also widely spoken.
Mainly traditional worship and Christianity with a Muslim minority.
Oil, uranium and vast unexploited agricultural land
Oil, Livestock and hides
+ 249 ( code sharing with Sudan)
.sd to change to .ss after secession.
Main Port: landlocked
Airport: Juba International Airport
Inadequate supplies of portable water
Managing a new country with several competing interests
Striking an agreement with Khartoum on national boundaries, citizenship issues and wealth sharing
After decades of war, South Sudan remains underdeveloped. As it gains independence, the country has a major task of development its infrastructure, plus export products to avoid over-reliance on oil
Market speculation on the US dollar has shot up in South Sudan as foreign exchange earnings since January shrunk considerably due to the shutdown in oil production
In a bid to keep out fakes and improve on the quality of goods and services and protect customers an anti-dumping law forming a statutory regulatory body was established. Companies that have been dumping sub-standard goods in South Sudan risk losing their market share if they fail to raise their standards when a new law comes into force
There has been persisting violence in the new state due to both border tension and internal rebel conflict. Most recently, South Sudan says provocations by Sudan, particularly the occupation of her border areas, were “too much” and that it has ordered its army to expel Sudan forces from Jau area in the oil-rich Unity state.
South Sudan enjoys massive support from different countries angling for country’s resources, markets and even job opportunities.
The Major Conflicts
When: Erupted in 2003
Who: Sudan Liberation Army (SLA) and Justice and Equality Movement (JEM) in Darfur
Why: The two groups accused government of oppressing black Africans in favour of Arabs
Results: Several people killed, millions displaced, thousands starve to death.
Who: Arab militia against SPLM
Why: Unresolved conflict on the Abyei area contested by both North and South factions of Sudan.
Outcome: A deal was signed but there were over 2 million people dead and over 50,000 refugees.
Dr Riek Machar was dismissed from his post as Vice President in July 2013. President Kiir. Tension built up until mid-December 2013 when an incident between rival soldiers in the barracks in Juba led to President Kiir's claims of an attempted coup.
The conflict spread from the capital to the rest of the country. As violence broke out between government and rebel factions, many countries evacuated their staff and hundreds of thousands South Sudanese were displaced and fled to neighbouring countries.
What to see
Archaeological and historical sites
Famous Sportsmen and Sportswomen
The late Manute Bol: Former NBA basketball player
South Sudan has produced several NBA players for example Manute Bol & Luol Deng
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South Sudan return to hostilities