Full Name
Republic of Djibouti (English)
Republique de Djibouti (French)
Jumhuriyat Jibuti (Arabic)
Origins of name: It is named after the main port
Formerly: The French territories of Afars and Issas (two main populations in the region)

Current Leader
Ismael Omar Guelleh

Djibouti is of major strategic importance due to its location at the end of the Red Sea
Djibouti was formerly part of the French Somaliland colony
Gained independence on June 27, 1977 from the French


Form of Government
Chief of State is the President
Head of Government is the Prime Minister
President is elected by popular vote for a six-year term and is eligible for a second term

Government structure
President, Prime Minister, Cabinet: Council of Ministers responsible to the President

Military Statistics
Manpower fit for service: Males age 16-49: 55,173 and Females age 16-49: 52,825
Expenditures: 3.8% of GDP
Branches: Djibouti National Army (includes Navy and Air Force)

Former Rulers
1977 – 1999: Hassan Gouled Aptidon
1999 – Present: Ismael Omar Guelleh

Altitude: 8 metres
Population: 610,608 people

Size: 906,000 (2011)
Life expectancy: 43.4 years
Gender Make-Up: Male – 51.03%, Female – 48.97%

GDP per capita
$ 2,700 (2011)

$ 2,600 (2010)

Area: 23,200sqkm
Land boundaries: Eritrea 109km, Ethiopia 349km, Somalia 58km

Major Languages
French (official), Arabic (official), Somali, Afar

Religious portfolio
Muslim 94%, Christian 6%

National Make-up
Somali 60%, Afar 35%, other 5% (includes French, Arab, Ethiopian, and Italian)

Natural Resources
Geothermal areas, Gold, Clay, Granite, Limestone, Marble, Salt, Diatomite, Gypsum, Pumice, Petroleum

Main exports
Re-exports (hides, skins and coffee), Hides and skins, Coffee (re-exported from Ethiopia)

Land Use
Arable land: 0.04%

Permanent crops: 0%
Other: 99.96%

Monetary Unit/Currency
Djiboutian franc

Dialling Code


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