Zambia By | Sunday, September 9   2012 at  15:10

Full Name
Republic of Zambia
Origins of the name: The name is derived from the Zambezi River, which flows along its southern borders

Formerly: Northern Rhodesia - the name changed upon independence

Current Leader

Michael Sata

Overview
The area of modern Zambia was inhabited by Khoisan hunter-gatherers until around AD 300, when technologically advanced migrating tribes began to displace or absorb them
In the 12th century, major waves of Bantu-speaking immigrants arrived during the Bantu expansion
The culture is mainly indigenous mixed with European
Former United Kingdom Colony
Achieved independence on October 24, 1964

Facts

Form of Government
Republic
Head of State is the President who is elected every 5 years

Government Structure
President, Vice-President, Unicameral parliament

Military Statistics
Manpower fit for military service: 2,609,393
Expenditures: 3.3% of GDP (2006) per year
Branches: Zambian National Defence Force (ZNDF): Zambian Army, Zambian Air Force and National Service (2009)


Former Rulers
1964-1991 Kenneth David Kaunda
1991-2002 Fredrick Chiluba
2002-2008 Levy Mwanawasa
2008- 2011 Rupiah Banda

2011-Present Michael Sata

Capital
Lusaka
Altitude: 1,281m
Population: 1.267 million people

Population
Size: 13,046,508 (2010)
Life Expectancy: 38.6 years
Gender make-up: Female - 51.08%, Male – 48.92%

GDP per capita
$1,623 (2011)

$1,555 (2010)

Geography
Area: 752,618km2
Land Boundaries: Angola 1,110km, Democratic Republic of the Congo 1,930km, Malawi 837km, Mozambique 419km, Namibia 233km, Tanzania 338km, Zimbabwe 797km

Major Languages
Bemba 30.1% (official), Nyanja 10.7% (official), Tonga 10.6% (official), Lozi 5.7%, Chewa 4.9%, Nsenga 3.4%, Tumbuka 2.5%, Lunda 2.2%, Kaonde 2%, Lala 2%, Luvale 1.7%, English 1.7% (official), other 22.5%

Religious Portfolio
Christian 50%-75%, Muslim and Hindu 24%-49%, Indigenous beliefs 1%

National Make-up
African 99.5% (includes Bemba, Tonga, Chewa, Lozi, Nsenga, Tumbuka, Ngoni, Lala, Kaonde, Lunda, and other African groups), Other 0.5% (includes Europeans, Asians, and Americans)

Natural Resources
Copper, Cobalt, Zinc, Lead, Coal, Emeralds, Gold, Silver, Uranium, Hydropower

Main exports
Copper, Cobalt, Electricity, Flowers, Tobacco, Cotton, Maize, Sugar

Land Use
Arable land: 6.99%
Permanent crops: 0.04%
Other: 92.97% (2005)

Currency
Zambian Kwacha

Dialling Code
+260

Internet Code
.zm

Transport
Main Airport: Lusaka International Airport, located 26km east of Lusaka city
Main Port: landlocked

Modern issues


Environmental
Desertification
Air pollution and resulting acid rain in the mineral extraction and refining region
Poaching of wildlife
Deforestation
Soil erosion

Political
On gaining office, Sata went on a serious purge! He got rid of the anti-corruption Chief, reversed the previous government’s sale of a privately-owned bank to South Africa’s FirstRand, dissolved several parastatal boards, recalled 12 ambassadors and high commissioners and revealed that the nation, including State House, was “stinking with corruption”

Economic
In 2011, Sata suspended copper exports in a move to ensure that mining firms accurately report their sales, however he quickly realised that new laws would take too long time to draw up and quickly lifted the ban on the county’s main export

Zambian Commerce, Trade and Industry Ministry is in the process of constructing Zambia-China Economic and Trade Cooperation Zone (ZCCZ) to boost economy
Implementation of privatisation norms and budgetary reforms has boosted Zambia's economy to a larger extent
Zambia bumper harvest in 2007 helped to boost GDP and agricultural exports and contain inflation

Social
HIV/Aids infection has risen, it is mostly prevalent in the two urban centres of Lusaka and the Copperbelt, rather than in poorer rural populations
Increasing child labour
Human Rights abuses; women and child trafficking
Attempts by the government to gag press

Foreign Policy issues
Strained relations with Zimbabwe over Zambezi River bridge
Botswana-Zambia boundary issue, Zambia –Malawi border conflict
Influx of refugees from warring neighbours like DR Congo
In 2008, Zambia Cabinet approved new foreign policy that stressed economic ties rather than political relations and introduced zero-tolerance to corruption in embassies

The Major Conflicts
Zambia’s quest for independence was non-violent
No major conflicts except for spill-overs from neighbouring countries like Mozambique, Angola and DRC

Lumpa uprising
When:1964
Why: Superstructural reconstruction, class struggle and the state
State troops and Alice Lenshina separatists church
Outcome: Left at least 700 people dead and a state of emergency was declared

What to see?
Zambia is the home of Victoria Falls
Zambezi River
Lake Kariba
Lake Tanganyika
Chimp Sanctuary
Shiwa Ngandu Manor house
Lake Bangweulu
Livingstone Memorial monument
Lake Mweru

Sports
Popular Sports
Football
Rugby
Boxing

Famous Sportsmen and Sportswomen
Kalusha Bwalya- Zambia's most celebrated football player who scored (at least) 33 goals for his national team and is the leading goal scorer. He was nominated for the 1996 Fifa World Player of the Year where he was voted the 12th-best player in the world.
Madalitso Muthiya- First African to play in the US Golf Open

Quirks
A monkey once urinated on former President Banda during a news conference!