Tunisia

Full Name of state

Tunisian Republic

Origins of name – Named after Tunis the present-day capital, but in ancient times a powerful city-state and successor to ancient Carthage

Formerly - N/A

Current Leader

President Beji Caid Essebsi

Overview

Tunisia became part of the Ottoman Empire in the 16th Century and was a French protectorate from 1881 to 1956.

Granted independence as a constitutional monarchy, it became a republic in 1957. Habib Bourguiba, who led the independence movement, became the first President.

Habib Bourguiba was replaced in November 1987 by the then Prime Minister, Zine el Abidine Ben Ali, who was ousted in January 2011. Acting president was Fouad Mebazaa before Moncef Marzouki was named president.

Facts

Form of Government

·         Republic

-          President elected by popular vote for a five-year term

-          No term limits

-          President is the head of state

-          Prime minister is the head of government

 

·         Government structure

-          President

-          Prime minister

-          Bicameral Parliament

 

Military Statistics

·         Manpower fit for military service: 5,059,054

·         Expenditures: 1.4% of GDP (2006)

·         Branches: Army, Navy, Republic of Tunisia Air Force (Al-Quwwat al-Jawwiya al-Jamahiriyah At'tunisia) (2008)

 

Current Ruler

President Beji Caid Essebsi

Former Rulers

·         July 1957-1987: the late President Habib Bourguiba

  1987- January 2011 President Zine el Abidine Ben Ali

January 11, 2011 - December 12, 2011 Fouad Mebazza (Acting President)

December 2011 - December 31, 2014 Moncef Marzouki

 

Capital

·         Tunis

Altitude – 11 metres

Population – 728,453

 

Population

·         Size: 10,673,800 ( 2011)

·         Life expectancy:  75.8 years

·          Gender Make-Up:  males 50.3 per cent, females 49.7

 GDP per capita

·         $9,415 (2011)

$9,443 (2010)

 Geography

·         Area: 163,610 sq km

·         Land boundaries: Algeria 965 km, Libya 459 km

 

Major Languages

·         Arabic (official and one of the languages of commerce)

·         French (commerce)

 

Religious portfolio

·         Muslim 98%,

·         Christian 1%,

·         Jewish

·         others 1%

 

National Make-up

·         Arab 98%,

·         European 1%,

·         Jewish

·          others 1%

 Natural Resources

·         Petroleum

·         Phosphates

·         iron ore

·         lead

·         zinc

·         salt

 Main exports

·         clothing

·         textiles

·         agricultural products

·         mechanical goods

·         phosphates and chemicals

·         hydrocarbons

·         electrical equipment

 

Land Use

·         Arable land: 17.05%

·         Permanent crops: 13.08%

·         Other: 69.87% (2005)

 

Monetary Unit/Currency

·         Tunisian Dinar

 

Dialing Code

·         +216

 

Internet Code

·         .tn

 

Transport

·         Main Port: Tunis

·         Airport: Tunis Carthage International Airport located 7 kilometres from Tunis.

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