Cholera outbreak hits Mozambique

A cholera outbreak linked to the current wet season in Mozambique has affected at least 216 people, the Health ministry confirmed.

VOA Radio quoted the deputy director of public health, Ms Maria Benigna Matsinha, saying at least one fatality had been recorded.

Ms Matsinha was further quoted naming the areas affected by the epidemic as including Maputo, Matola and Nampula.

Cholera is a highly contagious, dose-dependent disease caused by the bacterium Vibrio cholera when ingested via contaminated water or food.

Other animals

VOA Radio further reported Ms Matsinha lamenting the high rate of malaria infections.

“This year alone, 900,000 cases of the outbreak have been recorded,” Ms Matsinha was further quoted.

Malaria is a mosquito-borne infectious disease affecting humans and other animals caused by parasitic protozoans belonging to the Plasmodium type.

Yellow skin

Malaria symptoms typically include fever, fatigue, vomiting and headaches. In severe cases, it can cause yellow skin, seizures, coma or death.

According to the World Health Organisation, nearly half of the world's population was at risk of malaria.

In 2015, there were roughly 212 million malaria cases and an estimated 429,000 malaria deaths.

Poorest states

Sub-Saharan Africa continues to carry a disproportionately high share of the global malaria burden.

In 2015, the region was home to 90 per cent of malaria cases and 92 per cent of malaria deaths.

Mozambique, with a population of 24 million spread across 10 provinces, and ranks 180th on the UN Human Development Index out of 188 countries.

It is one of the world's poorest states, with a majority of the population surviving on less than $1 a day.

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